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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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When the first of these leaflets were brought to Warsaw, it was thought
to be yet another trick of German psychological warfare. The Commander
of the Home Army5 General B6r3 informed Marshal Rokossovsky via Lon-
don of this seeming German provocation—he received no answer, for the
Red Army had, in fact, carried out this mobilisation on the territory of
the Polish Republic.
By this method the ' rallying or fusion' of the Sonet * Polish J Army
(which Churchill had appealed foi in his speech) with the troops of the
Polish Republic was effectively accomplished. The latter were simply
destro3^ed as a body ; the Kremlin had no intention of allowing any troops
not entirely subordinated to its control to have a separate existence on
the territory occupied by the Red Army. As this army advanced into
Poland, so the police of the X.K.V.D. undertook wholesale arrests of the
leading members of rhe Underground, both east and west cf the " Curzon
Line.3 Warsaw called upon the Polish Government to inform the Govern-
ments of Britain and the United States of these activities and to appeal to
them to take the disarmed and arrested men under their protection. On
August 23, the Government Delegate and Chairman of the ' Council of
National Unity/ wired to President Roosevelt and Churchill from the
Polish capital:—
" We address ourselves to you a second time. It is now three weeks
that we have been waging a bloody struggle^ abandoned utterly to our own
resources, without adequate reinforcements of arms and ammunition,
without air aid. During this same period reports from all the areas of Poland
under Soviet occupation, whether those areas affect the present situation or
not, state that the Soviets are interning, arresting or putting into the
notorious Majdanek concentration camp, members of the civil administration
and Home Army who have come into the open, the Home Army which had
helped so outstandingly in righting the Germans. Thus5 after five years of
incessant bloody resistance to the Germans^ the Polish nation is coining under
a no less cruel slavery, this tirne to one of the Allies. Can the great nations
of the United States of North America and of Great Britain look on passively
at this new hecatomb of their ally Poland ? Is it not allowed even to use the
Polish Air Force for the rescue of perishing Warsaw ? Is Poland to fall a
victim to a division of spheres of interests ? We solemnly declare that we
are fighting for Independence on the ruins of flaming Warsaw and will go
on righting for it5 and will continue to defend it against every aggressor.
The apathy of our great Allies towards the fate of our dying city and their
silent toleration of acts of violence committed under Soviet occupation are
things the Polish nation can neither understand nor view with any feeling but
that of bitter disillusionment."
Confronted with these facts5 London and Washington,, under whose
pressure the Polish Government had finally been persuaded that the
Home Army should co-operate with the Soviets,, decided after a certain
amount of delay to recognise this Army as a responsible belligerent force>
entitled to treatment in accordance with all the laws and customs of war.
In the Declaration issued on August 30,, by the British and American
Governments, it was stated that this measure had been taken in order to